Factors Affecting Urbanization in Makassar City
This study aims to determine the factors that influence urbanization in the city of Makassar. The type of research used in this research is quantitative research. The data processed is secondary data from Minimum Wage, Job Opportunities, and Urbanization in Makassar City. The results of our study show that, partially, the minimum wage has a positive and significant effect on the occurrence of urbaniza-tion in Makassar City. People urbanize in Makassar City because they want to get wages higher than wages in their area of origin. These results illustrate that the minimum wage has a positive impact on economic growth by accumulating human capital. The implications of the minimum wage on welfare will be realized in a competitive economy. Partially, Job Opportunities have a positive and significant impact on the occur-rence of urbanization in Makassar City. This is because an increase in job opportunities in an area will cre-ate a demand for labor which is also increasing. It will also increase the level of urbanization because job opportunities are identical to the income expected by the community in the future.
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